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Florida Boardwalk Animal Fact Sheet
Bufo terrestris

Native to Southeastern USA. The southern toad is characterized by highly pronounced knobs and crests on its head. The two crests run forward from the knobs and come close to one another near the snout. The overall coloring of this toad varies from brown, black, or red.
Habitat: Sandy areas, marshes, and mixed hardwood swamps. It is most active at night. It hides during the day, most often seeking shelter in burrows that are self-constructed.
Diet: Small invertebrates including beetles, earwigs, ants, cockroaches, mole crickets, and snails. However they are known to eat anything they can swallow.
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Length:1.75 to 4.5 inches.

Lifespan: 10+ years.
Reproduction & Offspring:

The male’s mating call is a shrill musical trill. This species breeds from March to September. The female lays up to 3000 eggs. They hatch in 2-4 days. The tadpoles are black, with a short rounded tail. The transformation occurs in 30-55 days.


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